7 April to 12 May 2014, 539 million voters had cast their mandate. 16 May 2016, results were declared and BJP led NDA won 336 out of 543. Thus Modi Government came into power. The aforesaid statement is adequate to be labelled as “Modi Bhakt”. The simple reason behind the logic being ignoring the other major BJP leaders and workers. Not a problem in a society (read Lutyens) where the Government, for atleast 10 years, was in somebody else’s hands. Where the party vice-president tore up an ordinance passed by the Government and the list goes on. Well matter of the fact is that a Dictator is better than a pawn, no matter how smart the pawn is.
Also read : Has demonetization failed ?
Let us not go off-track and talk numbers. This analysis would cover different major aspects of the Governance and the reader would then decide the winner among the two NDA and UPA Governments. How the ministries work ? The distinctions achieved and every minor but important detail would be analysed.
Let us start with the Portfolios
Portfolios of Union Council of Ministers
Council of Ministers of is the supreme executive organ of the Government. Sometimes it is also referred as “Cabinet”. In India the Union Council of Ministers is divided into 3 categories viz. Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State (Independent Charge), Ministers of State (under Cabinet Ministers). BJP led NDA Government 75 Ministers excluding PM while UPA had 78. The category wise numbers are listed in table below.
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PM Modi’s swearing-in ceremony had been attended by the heads of all SAARC Nations. The first ever in Indian history. The ceremony had hinted at a clear path and a policy of inclusion & interaction with the neighbors. As it is evident from PM Modi’s first International visit to Bhutan, the foreign policy was revised. Hence, the concept of Look East, Neighbors First was inculcated in the foreign policy.
On the other hand UPA leader Dr. Manmohan Singh’s foreign policy was rigid and tremendously conventional. He made no revisions in the policy. Foreign trips were destined mainly to the West. Bilateral meetings and working visits were preferred. State visits were rarely made. Eventhough, his visits cemented relations with Afghanistan and improved that with USA, the small neighbors were paid little attention. Let us take a look at some numbers.
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39 state visits in 2 years will surely fetch a lot of International attention. PM Modi’s visit to various top institutes and organizations has projected him as a leader who loves innovation and technology. He has been able to convince many top corporations to establish their businesses in India. Increase in FDI cap, “Make In India” campaign, etc has infused a sense of security & curiosity in minds of foreign investors. Modi Government has been able to project India as a rising military hegemon in Asia. By signing LEMOA, bagging MTCR membership and fastening defence acquisition processes, the country has strengthened its bid for UNSC seat. ISRO has changed the definition of efficiency. DRDO is conducting R&D. Money is being pumped into every sector, be it Banking or Rural Development.
Dr. Manmohan SIngh’s Government had also introduced certain notable reforms, but with over-cautiousness and wariness. The Government could not draw 100% from the booming economy. Visits were limited bilateral talks and working trips. No interaction with the Indian community there happened. As a result we were still recognized as the “IT Guys” only. Internationally, we were not given the status that we deserved.
In India, you don’t get an opportunity, you have to create one. But, what if you have one created by someone else. You definitely won’t miss the chance. Similar is the case with political succession. The crops sown by the predecessors are reaped by the successors. The better schemes of the previous Government are continued and the good ones are scrapped. Talking about the UPA-1&2 tenures, in total 19 major schemes were launched. Majority of them focused at the lower section of the society. Subsidy and incentives were at the heart of the schemes.
On contrary the schemes of Modi Governmetnt have a twist packed in them. They are a sort of investments. “Give and take more”, policy has been implied instead of only “take away”. Be it Atal Pensions Yojana, Digital India, Jan-Dhan Yojana, every scheme is 21st century oriented and more vibrant. While, the UPA schemes were heavily colonial-era oriented.
So far NDA has launched 15 major schemes while UPA-1&2 had launched 19.
The sector which had been inactive during UPA-1&2, has witnessed activity during Modi Government’s tenure. As many as 40 new defence deals worth 1 lakh crore Rupees were given nod in just 2 years. 56 defence manufacturing licenses were given by NDA Government during Ist year as compared to 47 by UPA in 2013-14. Modernization is the need of the 21st century. Modern warfare needs sophisticated weapons. R&D in defence sector is pertinent to stay ahead of others. Unfortunately nothing of this sort happened during UPA’s tenure. The result is that we have a huge dearth of supplies, ammunition, and technology.
To cope up with the deficiencies, Modi Government has sped up the defence acquisition processes. Technology transfers, bargaining, R&D are some of the core values of the Defence Policy of present Government. The major defence deals of the Modi Government can be counted but those of the UPA are hard to trace. Clearly, Modi Government wins in this category. No need to compare the two Governments.
Finance & Economy
Reforms of 1991 have given us what Country is today. And nobody can ignore Dr. Manmohan Singh’s role in that. The boom that we have today is the result of that optimistic move in 1991. The reforms have paid more than intended. The system needs overhauling after a period of time. With the ever-changing global conditions and new challenges, the periods need to be shortened and will grow even shorter in future. UPA had 10 years in Government but unfortunately the system saw only 1 major reform i.e. VAT. The boom could have been manifold, had the Government at that reformed the system. Let us take a look at the numbers again.
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The system has layers within. The reader may not be aware of some terminologies, hence the layers inside deep are ignored.
The policy framing centre of the Country, Parliament consists of two houses Rajya Sabha & Lok Sabha. The Bills, governing and amending laws are passed here. In short, everything concerned with Governance is fabricated here. Four types of bills, discussions on important issues, questioning, and everything including “Hangama”, takes place here. Your elected members representing you, run your Government from here. The performance numbers are below, compare and decide.
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Interaction is the foundation of inclusion. After interaction, suggestions begin to flow and action commences thereafter. The lead in the interaction being awareness. Awareness drives suggestions and criticism which leads to the betterment of the policy. Unfortunately, no inclusion of the citizens was promoted during UPA. The Government framed the schemes and hardly 30% of the citizens were aware, leading 70% to the dark. On contrary, Modi Government has interacted with the citizens at a broader platform, i.e. Internet. MyGov portal is a part of Digital India campaign dedicated solely to the purpose of interaction with the citizens. Suggestions are encouraged, participation in competitions is awarded. A sense of inclusion was induced by Jan-Dhan Yojana, Disabilities bill passed recently, to name a few.
Coal-gate, 2G spectrum scam, Satyam scam force us to question the governance during UPA. Eventhough AgustaWestland scam is under investigation, not even a single person in the country would doubt its illicit nature. The sole reason behind it is ineffective governance. The field in which the UPA government has failed miserably. The power was actually, distributed arbitrarily without the N-button within the reach of the head of the Government. The biggest blunder ever. A hint is enough for the wise to understand the aforesaid statement.
On contrary, recent Government needs no testimony. The Government is functioning in the best possible way. Power is distributed properly and adequately. The Head is not influenced by anyone and anything, except a brilliant idea that could promote National interest. Demonetization is the best example. The PM is said to have working continuously for 18 hours a day, and sometimes even stepping out of the 24 hours limit. The Ministers too have left no stone unturned. The old blunders are being fixed. Problems being solved ASAP. Negotiations, bargaining, and every other possible tactic is being employed to save tax-payers money. The boom is definitely going to return.